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JAMA 100 Years Ago
April 3, 2002

THE MODERN SUBJECTION OF SCIENCE AND EDUCATION TO PROPAGANDA.*

Author Affiliations
 

JAMA 100 Years Ago Section Editor: Jennifer Reiling, Assistant Editor.

JAMA. 2002;287(13):1622. doi:10.1001/jama.287.13.1622

PROF. WM. T. SEDGEWICK.

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.

BOSTON.

One of the sad pages in the history of science and education is that which relates how, on the death of Alexander the Great, the teacher of his youth, the much greater Aristotle, rightly regarded by the Middle Age as the "master of those who know" when more than sixty years old was driven from Athens into exile by a patriotic propaganda of the anti-Macedonians. A darker and a bloody page tells how Hypatia of Alexandria, the beautiful and learned daughter of Theon, was cruelly and brutally murdered in a Christian church in the year 415 of our era as a victim of a fanatical propaganda against paganism, condoned, if not conducted, by the Christian Archbishop Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria. Copernicus hesitated long before publishing his splendid discoveries on the movements of the heavenly bodies and the heliocentric theory, for fear of ecclesiastical interference, and when soon after Galileo, more bold, promulgated the truth that Copernicus had hesitated to pronounce, both he and his discoveries fell under the severest ecclesiastical condemnation ever visited upon any man of science for the truth alone.

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