The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
Well before the celebrated Incan era, an ancient civilization flourished
along the Moche River valley in northern Peru. The Moche people, who took
their name from their riparian location, eventually occupied a large part
of coastal Peru, despite its isolation by the Pacific Ocean and the Andes
mountains. Using the broadest span of dates, the Moche culture, also known
as Mochica, flourished from 200 BCE to 800 CE. From the Piura Valley, near
the border with Ecuador, the Mochica people conquered other tribes and expanded
their range to the Nepena Valley, 250 miles north of modern Lima.
Torpy JM. Portrait Vessel of a Man With Harelip and Tattoos. JAMA. 2002;287(16):2038. doi:10.1001/jama.287.16.2038