The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
Though he came to the form late in its development, as well as relatively
late in his own life, the 20th-century American painter Franz Kline (1910-1962)
will always be remembered in the annals of art history as an Abstract Expressionist,
its "last major contributor," as historian Matthew Baigell terms him. Not
until the mid-1940s did Kline begin to experiment with abstraction, probably
at the urging of his friend Willem de Kooning; only in the 1950s did his name
become identified with the movement as closely as those of Jackson Pollock
and de Kooning. Kline's work is sometimes compared with that of Pollock, but
it is generally agreed that de Kooning was his primary influence. Indeed,
some say the influences were mutual, Kline influencing de Kooning as much
as he him.
Southgate MT. Orange Outline. JAMA. 2002;287(21):2753. doi:10.1001/jama.287.21.2753