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The World in Medicine
July 10, 2002

AIDS Knowledge Gap

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JAMA. 2002;288(2):155. doi:10.1001/jama.288.2.155

While most people in developing countries have heard of HIV/AIDS, a significant number have limited knowledge of how to prevent infection, according to a new United Nations (UN) report, HIV/AIDS: Awareness and Behaviour. The 30-page report may be purchased online (for $5) from UN publications at http://www.un.org/Pubs/whatsnew/e02125.htm.

The report examined data from a survey of 39 nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. In nearly all the countries surveyed—including those where HIV prevalence is high—the majority of people questioned said they believed that they were not at risk of contracting HIV infection. At least two thirds of females and about 80% of males surveyed said they were at little or no risk of infection.

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