Author Affiliations: School of Social Work (Dr G. Christ) and Mailman School of Public Health (Dr Siegel), Columbia University, New York, NY; and Child/Adolescent Psychiatry, State University of New York Health Science Center & Kings County Hospital, Brooklyn (Dr A. Christ).
Perspectives on Care at the Close of Life Section
Editor: Margaret A. Winker, MD, Deputy Editor, JAMA.
In the United States, more than 2 million children and adolescents (3.4%)
younger than 18 years have experienced the death of a parent. When death can
be anticipated, as with a terminal illness, and even when the death is sudden,
as in the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon,
physicians and other health care professionals have an opportunity to ameliorate
the impact of the loss. Developmental factors shape adolescents' reactions
and responses to the death of a parent. Recent research in childhood and adolescent
bereavement shows how health professionals can support the adolescent's coping
strategies and prepare the family to facilitate an adolescent's mastery of
adaptive tasks posed by the terminal phase of the parent's illness, the death,
and its aftermath. Robert, a bereaved 14-year-old, illustrates some of these
Christ GH, Siegel K, Christ AE. Adolescent Grief"It Never Really Hit Me . . . Until It Actually Happened". JAMA. 2002;288(10):1269-1278. doi:10.1001/jama.288.10.1269