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Books, Journals, New Media
January 22/29, 2003


Author Affiliations

Books, Journals, New Media Section Editor: Harriet S. Meyer, MD, Contributing Editor, JAMA; David H. Morse, MS, University of Southern California, Norris Medical Library, Journal Review Editor; adviser for new media, Robert Hogan, MD, San Diego.

JAMA. 2003;289(4):488-490. doi:10.1001/jama.289.4.488

Francis Fukuyama, convinced in 1989 that liberal democracy based on the natural equality of human beings was the paramount political system, asserted that history had reached its evolutionary end. Little more than a decade later, examination of scientific revelations and new biotechnologies made him reconsider and declare that history could not end as long as science continued. In Our Posthuman Future, Fukuyama, who is professor of international political economy at Johns Hopkins University and a member of the President's Council on Bioethics, warns us that it has become possible to alter human nature. Consequently, we risk a new, probably undesirable direction for humankind, which he calls the "posthuman stage." He argues that

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