As bariatric surgery for the treatment of patients with morbid obesity
surges in popularity in the United States, ethical and scientific questions
about the approach are mounting.
While bariatric surgery has been performed since the 1960s, improvements
in laproscopic methods and a 1991 Consensus Statement by the National Institutes
of Health (NIH) that established criteria for eligibility for surgical treatment
of morbid obesity opened the door for insurance coverage and set the stage
for an explosive increase in its use.
Mitka M. Surgery for Obesity. JAMA. 2003;289(14):1761-1762. doi:10.1001/jama.289.14.1761