The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate,
MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
The art group known as Die Brücke lasted only eight years, but
its influence has been enormous. Founded in Dresden in 1905 by four young
architecture students, it was formally dissolved in Berlin in 1913 (JAMA
cover, February 18, 1998). As its name implies, it was intended to be a bridge,
to connect what its founders perceived as the great chasm between art and
life, to span the great barriers they saw between the natural and the man-made,
and, in what has become its lasting legacy, not merely to describe an object
on canvas, but to make it an unmistakable expression of the artist's personal
emotions. Verisimilitude was out; the object was the subject, the subject
the object. Self-taught as painters, they adapted their architectural principles
to the canvas, borrowed their forms from Oceanic and African art, and found
their colors in the works of the Fauves. They revived the art of printmaking.
They gave the 20th century the enduring style known as Expressionism, in particular,
Southgate MT. Self-portrait. JAMA. 2003;289(20):2615. doi:10.1001/jama.289.20.2615