Public health officials in North Carolina say they are changing the
face of HIV surveillance with a new, statewide testing system that uses HIV
RNA screening to detect HIV infections within days or weeks after they occur.
Unlike conventional HIV testing, which detects anti-HIV antibodies in the
blood formed by the body weeks to months after infection, RNA screening detects
the presence of the virus itself.
Voelker R. Detecting Acute HIV Infections Feasible, North Carolina Program Demonstrates. JAMA. 2003;289(20):2633-2634. doi:10.1001/jama.289.20.2633