Medical News and Perspectives
May 28, 2003

Detecting Acute HIV Infections Feasible, North Carolina Program Demonstrates

JAMA. 2003;289(20):2633-2634. doi:10.1001/jama.289.20.2633

Public health officials in North Carolina say they are changing the face of HIV surveillance with a new, statewide testing system that uses HIV RNA screening to detect HIV infections within days or weeks after they occur. Unlike conventional HIV testing, which detects anti-HIV antibodies in the blood formed by the body weeks to months after infection, RNA screening detects the presence of the virus itself.

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