Books, Journals, New Media Section Editor: Harriet
S. Meyer, MD, Contributing Editor, JAMA; David H. Morse, MS, University
of Southern California, Norris Medical Library, Journal Review Editor.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
is a US governmental organization with great importance for neuroscience and
for patients suffering from dysfunction of the nervous system. NINDS at 50 is an official history that celebrates the accomplishments
of this important institution.
The NINDS can be traced back to the Marine Hospital Service, one of
the first national institutions of the United States. In every ocean and river
port, a small federal hospital allowed sailors respite when they were too
sick to travel with their departing commercial vessels. The Marine Hospital
Service was originally more an aid to commerce than a health organization
but gradually metamorphosed into the US Public Health Service. A laboratory
to aid in the examination of immigrants became the foundation for the National
Institute of Health in 1930. After World War II, recognition that medical
research was a national responsibility produced the phenomenal growth of special
organizations within the (now plural) National Institutes of Health.
Freemon FR. National Institute. JAMA. 2003;290(14):1925-1926. doi:10.1001/jama.290.14.1925