As Gary Schoolnik, MD, was growing up during the late 1940s in Seattle,
he had his first memorable encounter with a virus.
"My mother had typhoid fever and was sick in the hospital for about
a month," said Schoolnik, of Stanford University Medical School in Stanford,
Calif. Antibiotics such as chloramphenicol were not available at the time,
but his surgeon father recalled reading an interesting study in the Journal of Bacteriology. A group of physicians in the Los
Angeles area were using bacteriophage (abbreviated as phage), a virus that
infects bacteria, to treat typhoid.
Thacker PD. Set a Microbe to Kill a Microbe. JAMA. 2003;290(24):3183-3185. doi:10.1001/jama.290.24.3183