The global AIDS epidemic infected an estimated 5 million individuals
in 2003, bringing the world total of individuals living with human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV) and AIDS to 40 million, said officials from the Joint United Nations
Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The disease claimed about 3 million lives—the
highest toll ever for a single year.
Although sub-Saharan Africa remains the most severely affected region,
tallying two thirds of all infections and more than two thirds of all deaths,
HIV also is spreading rapidly in Eastern Europe and making worrisome inroads
in Asia, threatening the immense populations of China and India.
Stephenson J. Global AIDS Epidemic Worsens. JAMA. 2004;291(1):31-32. doi:10.1001/jama.291.1.31