Often occurring during a woman's prime reproductive years, the demands
of residency can collide with the challenges of planning for and undergoing
pregnancy. Pregnancy presents special challenges for medical residents, including
the potential maternal-fetal health risks of undergoing a pregnancy simultaneous
to rigorous medical training and the associated stressors of starting a family
and a career simultaneously. Other concerns include maternity leave and its
impact on fellow residents and the fulfillment of specialty board certification
requirements. Each specialty board has requirements regarding the length of
leave from a residency program and eligibility to sit for that specialty's
board examination. Extended pregnancy-related leaves may delay residents'
graduation up to a year.
van Dis J. Residency Training and Pregnancy. JAMA. 2004;291(5):636. doi:10.1001/jama.291.5.636