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Student JAMA
February 4, 2004

Residency Training and Pregnancy

JAMA. 2004;291(5):636. doi:10.1001/jama.291.5.636

Often occurring during a woman's prime reproductive years, the demands of residency can collide with the challenges of planning for and undergoing pregnancy. Pregnancy presents special challenges for medical residents, including the potential maternal-fetal health risks of undergoing a pregnancy simultaneous to rigorous medical training and the associated stressors of starting a family and a career simultaneously. Other concerns include maternity leave and its impact on fellow residents and the fulfillment of specialty board certification requirements. Each specialty board has requirements regarding the length of leave from a residency program and eligibility to sit for that specialty's board examination. Extended pregnancy-related leaves may delay residents' graduation up to a year.

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