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Medical News and Perspectives
May 12, 2004

Harnessing Brain Signals Shows Promise for Helping Patients With Paralysis

JAMA. 2004;291(18):2179-2181. doi:10.1001/jama.291.18.2179

In The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, Jean-Dominique Bauby, former editor-in-chief of the French magazine, Elle, recounts awaking one morning in 1995 to a body that was almost completely paralyzed (Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1997). A massive stroke in his brain stem left the 43-year-old editor's agile and creative mind virtually imprisoned in an unresponsive body. Bauby eventually composed his account of being "locked in" his body by blinking his left eye, the only means of communication available to him.

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