Women with male partners who are physically violent and controlling
have a substantially increased risk of becoming infected with HIV, according
to a new study by researchers from South Africa (Lancet. 2004;363:1415-1421).
Researchers from the Medical Research Council in Pretoria, South Africa,
interviewed 1366 women at four antenatal clinics about their sexual behavior
(including risk behaviors such as multiple partners and transactional sex),
experience of violence, and gender equality in their intimate relationships.
The women also underwent routine testing for HIV.
Stephenson J. Sex, Violence, and AIDS. JAMA. 2004;291(21):2534. doi:10.1001/jama.291.21.2534-a