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July 7, 2004

Atrial Fibrillation and Risk of Postoperative Complications

JAMA. 2004;292(1):41. doi:10.1001/jama.292.1.41-b

To the Editor: Dr Mathew and colleagues1 reported that atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery may be associated with a range of complications. It is unclear, however, whether AF is the cause or consequence of adverse outcomes such as renal failure, pneumonia, mediastinitis or deep sternal wound infections, sepsis, harvest site infections, vascular catheter infections, and genitourinary infections. Despite this uncertainty, Mathew et al recommended aggressive antiarrhythmic intervention for patients with recurrent AF.