Books, Journals, New Media Section Editor: Harriet
S. Meyer, MD, Contributing Editor, JAMA; David H. Morse, MS, University
of Southern California, Norris Medical Library, Journal Review Editor.
Vincent Cirillo has written a small book about a small war that had
a big impact on military medicine. The seldom remembered Spanish-American
War—it was the answer to the $32 000 question on "Who Wants to
be a Millionaire" last September—was America's first overseas effort
at empire-building and the last conflict in which more soldiers died from
diseases than from clashes with the enemy. For every soldier killed in combat,
seven others died from typhoid, malaria, dysentery, and yellow fever. Most
of them died without leaving their stateside encampments. The resulting public
outcry became a political crisis for President McKinley and an army still
mired in the practices and mindset of the Civil War.
McSweegan E. Military Medical History. JAMA. 2004;292(4):506-507. doi:10.1001/jama.292.4.506-b