Author Affiliations: Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health (Dr Bolton), and Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine/Boston Medical Center (Dr Betancourt), Boston, Mass.
This issue of JAMA presents the findings from 2 epidemiologically
well-designed studies of mental health in communities affected by the war
in Afghanistan. The study by Lopes Cardozo and colleagues1 is
the first nationally representative mental health survey conducted in Afghanistan
to be reported. The study by Scholte and colleagues2 examined
mental health symptoms among a large sample of mainly ethnic Pashtuns residing
in Afghanistan's eastern province of Nangarhar, the seat of the Taliban movement.
These studies add to a growing literature on the devastating impact of war
on the mental health of civilian populations and to the sparse medical literature
on Afghanistan since the Taliban era.3,4
Bolton P, Betancourt TS. Mental Health in Postwar Afghanistan. JAMA. 2004;292(5):626-628. doi:10.1001/jama.292.5.626