The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched an emergency initiative
to halt an epidemic of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kabul, Afghanistan. About
67 000 people in Kabul have the parasitic disease—about one third
of the world's cases.
Although Afghanistan had effective leishmaniasis control programs in
the past, the past 2 decades of conflict have weakened much of the country's
health infrastructure. Without immediate action, the agency said, the current
epidemic could escalate into an uncontrollable situation.
Stephenson J. Leishmaniasis Epidemic. JAMA. 2004;292(11):1294. doi:10.1001/jama.292.11.1294-a