Up to 10 000 people, many of them children, are dying each month
of disease and violence in refugee camps in the Darfur region of Sudan, according
to a survey conducted in two states in Darfur by the World Health Organization
(WHO) and Sudan’s Ministry of Health.
Some 1.45 million people who have fled their villages in Darfur since
conflict between government forces and rebel groups broke out in 2003 are
camping in settlements. The “crude mortality rate” used to define
a humanitarian crisis is 1 death per 10 000 individuals per day; the
WHO survey found crude mortality rates of 2.9 deaths per 10 000 individuals
per day in West Darfur and 1.5 deaths per 10 000 individuals per day
in North Darfur. Diarrhea was linked to the deaths of many of the children
younger than 5 years; injuries and violence were linked to 15% of total deaths.
Stephenson J. Death in Darfur. JAMA. 2004;292(15):1810. doi:10.1001/jama.292.15.1810-a