Letters Section Editor: Robert M. Golub,
MD, Senior Editor.
To the Editor: Augmented reality (AR) is the
superimposition of virtual-reality reconstructions onto a real patient’s
images, in real time.1 This results in the
visualization of internal structures through overlying tissues, providing
a virtual transparency vision of surgical anatomy. Augmented reality has been
applied to neurosurgery,2,3 which
has a relatively fixed space, frames, and bony reference; this facilitates
relating virtual and real data, and registering both images to each other.
In contrast, the deformation of abdominal organs due to the heartbeat, ventilation,
or laparoscopic insufflation has limited the application of AR in general
surgery.4,5 We report what we
believe is the first use of AR technology for general surgery in humans.
Marescaux J, Rubino F, Arenas M, Mutter D, Soler L. Augmented-Reality–Assisted Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy. JAMA. 2004;292(18):2211-2215. doi:10.1001/jama.292.18.2214-c