Nearly 100 countries are falling short of a goal to reduce child mortality
adopted by world leaders at the United Nations’ Millennium Summit in
2000, according to a report by the United Nation’s Children’s
Fund. One in 12 children worldwide does not live to age 5 years.
The group reported “alarmingly slow progress on reducing child
deaths despite the availability of proven, low-cost interventions.”
At the current rate of progress, by 2015, the global average child mortality
rate will have decreased by about one quarter since 1990 (the baseline year),
rather than by the goal of a two thirds reduction. In 2002, industrialized
countries had 7 deaths per 1000 births compared with 158 deaths per 1000 for
the poorest countries. Poor neonatal care, infections, malnutrition, and poor
sanitation are major factors in child mortality.
Stephenson J. Child Mortality Report. JAMA. 2004;292(19):2329. doi:10.1001/jama.292.19.2329-c