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From the Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention
February 16, 2005

Diagnoses of HIV/AIDS—32 States, 2000-2003

JAMA. 2005;293(7):791-792. doi:10.1001/jama.293.7.791

MMWR. 2004;53:1106-1110

2 figures, 2 tables omitted

An estimated 850,000-950,000 persons in the United States are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), including 180,000-280,000 who do not know they are infected.1 To examine trends of diagnoses for 2000-2003, CDC analyzed HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) together as HIV/AIDS (i.e., HIV infection with or without AIDS), counted by the year of earliest reported diagnosis of HIV infection. From 2000 to 2003, in 32 states* that used confidential, name-based reporting of HIV and AIDS cases for ≥4 years, the overall annual rate of diagnosis of HIV/AIDS remained stable. However, rates among non-Hispanic black females were 19 times higher than rates among non-Hispanic white females, underscoring the need for continued emphasis on programs targeting females in racial/ethnic minority populations to reduce the number of cases of HIV/AIDS.

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