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The Cover
April 13, 2005


Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2005;293(14):1703. doi:10.1001/jama.293.14.1703

When Robert Hicks arrived at Plymouth, Mass, in the late autumn of 1623, he could hardly have foreseen that nearly 400 years later he would be remembered not so much for being an early colonist, but for being the ancestor of two well-known, 19th-century American painters: Edward Hicks (JAMA covers, December 18, 1972, and December 16, 1983) and Thomas Hicks (1823-1890). Born in Attleborough, Pennsylvania, in 1780, Edward followed a tortuous path. By occupation he was a painter of signs, coaches, and decorative household items such as milk buckets and clock faces; by calling he was a Quaker minister. His difficulty lay in reconciling the religious calling with what he considered the frivolous profession of decorative painting. He wrestled with his conscience until, in his 40s, he began painting the now famous Peaceable Kingdom works of which perhaps a hundred versions exist. All concern the fulfillment of the Old Testament Isaiah’s prophecy of reconciliation, where there will come a day when the lion and the lamb shall live together in peace.

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