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JAMA 100 Years Ago
June 15, 2005


Author Affiliations

JAMA 100 Years Ago Section Editor: Jennifer Reiling, Assistant Editor.

JAMA. 2005;293(23):2947. doi:10.1001/jama.293.23.2947

Education is something more than the accumulation of facts. True education, along any particular line, involves more than the perusal of certain texts or attendance on a course of prescribed lectures or demonstrations. Training for any particular calling or vocation, to be of the highest utility, should include all lines which are necessary for the attainment of success. This necessitates instruction not only in the theory and principles, as well as the technic of one’s future work, but also should involve training in regard to those future relations to one’s fellows which are often of more importance to progress and success than exhaustive knowledge and precise technical ability. These self-evident truths were recognized, years before the development of modern psychology and pedagogy, by the United States Government, in the management of West Point and Annapolis. At these two academies, which have stood for years as models of what technical institutions should be, the young cadet, as a future officer of the army and navy of the United States, is taught not only mathematics, chemistry, military tactics and gunnery, but riding, swimming, fencing, boxing and dancing, French, German and Spanish as well. The fact is recognized that each graduate must have all the training that is necessary to enable him to meet and to associate not only with other officers of the army and navy of his own country, but with military and naval officers of any other country.

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