Author Affiliation: Dr Grove is former chairman
of the board of Intel Corporation, Santa Clara, Calif.
The health science/health care industry and the microchip industry are
similar in some important ways: both are populated by extremely dedicated
and well-trained individuals, both are based on science, and both are striving
to put to use the result of this science. But there is a major difference
between them, with a wide disparity in the efficiency with which results are
developed and then turned into widely available products and services.
To be sure, there are additional fundamental differences between the
2 industries. One industry deals with the well-defined world of silicon, the
other with living human beings. Humans are incredibly complex biological systems,
and working with them has to be subject to safety, legal, and ethical concerns.
Nevertheless, it is helpful to mine this comparison for every measure of learning
that can be found.
Grove AS. Efficiency in the Health Care IndustriesA View From the Outside. JAMA. 2005;294(4):490-492. doi:10.1001/jama.294.4.490