The US Preventive Services Task Force is recommending screening for
HIV infection for all pregnant women, including those at low risk (http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstf/uspshivi.htm).
The recommendation comes following evidence that current tests accurately
identify pregnant women who are HIV-positive and treatment strategies (including
combination drug therapies, elective cesarean delivery, and avoidance of breastfeeding)
can reduce the chances that HIV will be transmitted to an infected mother’s
Hampton T. HIV Screening Advice. JAMA. 2005;294(4):418. doi:10.1001/jama.294.4.418-c