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Health Agencies Update
July 27, 2005

HIV Screening Advice

JAMA. 2005;294(4):418. doi:10.1001/jama.294.4.418-c

The US Preventive Services Task Force is recommending screening for HIV infection for all pregnant women, including those at low risk (http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstf/uspshivi.htm).

The recommendation comes following evidence that current tests accurately identify pregnant women who are HIV-positive and treatment strategies (including combination drug therapies, elective cesarean delivery, and avoidance of breastfeeding) can reduce the chances that HIV will be transmitted to an infected mother’s infant.

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