Author Affiliations: Department of Clinical
Bioethics, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.
Controversy exists about the responsibility of investigators to communicate
the results of research to study participants. These research results may
be categorized as either general study results, which represent aggregate
data usually published by the research team, or individual results, which
are research findings relevant to particular participants. Disclosure of individual
research results has become particularly contentious in the context of genetics
research, for which genotypes of individual participants often become known
to investigators.1 However, disclosure of individual
results should be addressed in all research involving human participants.
Shalowitz DI, Miller FG. Disclosing Individual Results of Clinical ResearchImplications of Respect for Participants. JAMA. 2005;294(6):737-740. doi:10.1001/jama.294.6.737