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Editorial
October 5, 2005

Searching for Evidence to Support Pulmonary Artery Catheter Use in Critically Ill Patients

Author Affiliations
 

Author Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Anesthesia and Critical Care, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.

JAMA. 2005;294(13):1693-1694. doi:10.1001/jama.294.13.1693

Five years ago in JAMA,1 I commended the critical care community for beginning in earnest the arduous process of evaluating the efficacy and effectiveness of pulmonary artery catheterization (PAC) in the treatment of high-risk surgical patients and critically ill patients cared for in the intensive care unit (ICU). I deemed this process arduous because over the years following its introduction in the 1970s, this technology had found widespread application in the ICU and perioperative setting, despite a remarkable lack of high-quality evidence supporting such use. An observational retrospective study published in 1996 suggested PAC use might be associated with adverse outcome.2 Thus, the proper study of PAC using prospective randomized study design represented a rigorous and necessary “back pedaling” from practice current at the time, never a simple process. In this issue of JAMA, 2 important articles concerning this evaluation process are published,3,4 making it timely to revisit recent studies and determine what has been learned.

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