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The World in Medicine
January 18, 2006

Early Diet and Heart Health

JAMA. 2006;295(3):265. doi:10.1001/jama.295.3.265-a

Starting boys on a diet low in saturated fat from infancy and maintaining it through their first decade of life can reduce the risk of heart disease or stroke by improving artery health, according to a new study by Finnish researchers (Raitakari OT et al. Circulation. 2005;112:3786-3794).

In the study, 1062 7-month-old infants were randomly assigned to a diet low in saturated fat or an unrestricted diet. Physicians and dieticians also counseled families of the children in the low-saturated-fat group about diet and lifestyle. Throughout the study, cholesterol levels were 5% to 8% lower in boys (but not girls) in the diet group compared with boys in control group.

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