Seeking to reduce the occurrence of hospital bed entrapments, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published guidelines that include design recommendations for manufacturers of new hospital beds and suggestions for assessing existing beds (http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/beds/guidance/1537.html). This guidance is the result of a partnership between the FDA and the Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Canada's Medical Devices Bureau, representatives from national health care organizations and provider groups, patient advocacy groups, and medical bed and equipment manufacturers.
Hampton T. Hospital Bed Entrapments. JAMA. 2006;295(16):1889. doi:10.1001/jama.295.16.1889-b