The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.
The Spanish painter, draftsman, illustrator, and writer José Victoriano Carmelo Carlos González-Pérez was born in Madrid on March 23, 1887. His father was the proprietor of a stationery shop. Intending to become an engineer, at age 15 the young José entered the Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas in Madrid where he concentrated on mathematics and physics. Two years later he left the school to study painting with the Madrid academic José Moreno Carbonero. His study with Carbonero was brief, however. By the autumn of 1906 he had made a last, dramatic change: he took a new name, went to Paris, and decided to commit himself to modern art. In those days, that meant to follow in the footsteps of the recently deceased Cézanne. His new name was Juan Gris (1887-1927). In the scant 20 years he had left to live he became, with Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, one of the “Big Three” of Cubism.
Southgate MT. Portrait of Pablo Picasso. JAMA. 2007;297(19):2055. doi:10.1001/jama.297.19.2055