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The Cover
May 23/30, 2007

Cattleya Orchid and Three Brazilian Hummingbirds

Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2007;297(20):2169. doi:10.1001/jama.297.20.2169

Born in Lumberville, Bucks County, Martin Johnson Heade (1819-1904) was the eldest child of Joseph Cowell Heed, a prosperous Pennsylvania farmer, and his wife, Sarah Johnson Heed. Sarah Heed died shortly after the birth of her ninth child when Martin was 18. Around that time he began to study art with Edward Hicks, a fellow Bucks County native and today one of America's best-known and much-loved primitive painters, principally because of his Peaceable Kingdom series (JAMA cover, March 7, 2007). In 1839, barely out of his teens, Heade was “indulged,” as one biographer phrases it, with two years’ study in Italy. There is no evidence that this in any way changed his painting. By 1845 Heade had set up studios in Brooklyn, New York, and in Richmond, Virginia, where he worked as a portrait painter. His fees included $50 for heads, $75 for busts, and $100 for half-lengths.

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