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The Cover
July 18, 2007

Portrait of Constance Pipelet (Later Constance de Salm-Dyck)

Author Affiliations

The Cover Section Editor: M. Therese Southgate, MD, Senior Contributing Editor.

JAMA. 2007;298(3):260. doi:10.1001/jama.298.3.260

Both once enjoyed considerable renown among the elite of the Paris Enlightenment; today their names are barely known. Jean-Baptiste François Desoria (1758-1832), born in Paris, was, with the exception of some portraiture, primarily a history painter in the Neo-Classical style of his slightly older contemporary, Jacques-Louis David. Constance Pipelet, born in Nantes in 1767, was a surgeon's wife (later divorced) turned writer and librettist; she was noted primarily for her opera Sapho and her Epître aux femmes (Epistle to the Women). Like her French predecessor of some four centuries earlier, Christine de Pizan, Constance Pipelet celebrated in writing the intellectual achievements of women. Later, after marriage to Joseph de Salm-Reiferscheiedt-Dyck, she became first Countess, then Princess, of Salm-Dyck and continued her work. With her many connections among the Parisian intelligentsia she established a literary salon at which she entertained writers, artists, and political figures, among them the controversial painter Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson (JAMA cover, July 12, 2006), who attended regularly for nearly 20 years.

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