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The World in Medicine
July 18, 2007

Drug-Resistant TB

JAMA. 2007;298(3):277. doi:10.1001/jama.298.3.277-a

The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched an initiative to prevent hundreds of thousands of cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) and save as many as 134 000 lives by 2008 (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/2007/global_response_plan.pdf).

The new initiative, from the WHO and the Stop TB Partnership (a network of more than 500 organizations and countries), will cost $2.15 billion over the next 2 years. The plan outlines actions the groups say are needed to help control the spread of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB), such as strengthening laboratories' ability to diagnose MDR-TB and XDR-TB, increasing the treatment of drug-resistant cases to 110 000 by 2008, and funding research into new drugs, diagnostics, and vaccines.

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