During the past half century, the supply of inpatient psychiatric beds in the United States has largely vanished. In 1955, 560 000 patients were cared for in state psychiatric facilities; today there are fewer than one-tenth that number: 45 000.1 Given the doubling of the US population, this represents a 95% decline, bringing the per capita public psychiatric bed count to about the same as it was in 1850—14 per 100 000 people.1 A much smaller number of private psychiatric beds has fluctuated since the 1970s in response to policy and regulatory shifts that create varying financial incentives.
Sisti DA, Segal AG, Emanuel EJ. Improving Long-term Psychiatric CareBring Back the Asylum. JAMA. 2015;313(3):243-244. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.16088