In 2013, complications resulting from premature birth were the leading single cause of death around the world among children younger than 5 years, according to a new analysis by an international group of researchers (Liu L et al. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61698-6 [published online September 30, 2014]). Infectious diseases collectively accounted for more than half of deaths of children younger than 5 years.
Friedrich MJ. Premature Birth Complications Top Cause of Death in Children Younger Than 5 Years. JAMA. 2015;313(3):235. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.18326