Author Affiliations: Dr Rennie (firstname.lastname@example.org) is Deputy Editor and Ms Flanagin is Managing Deputy Editor, JAMA, Chicago, Illinois; Dr Godlee is Editor in Chief and Ms Smith is Deputy Editor, BMJ, London, England.
Peer review, whether of manuscripts submitted for publication or of grant applications submitted for funding, is a central part of the scientific enterprise. Since the first announcement in 1986, we have held 5 Peer Review Congresses at 4-year intervals, and their success is demonstrated by the stimulus they provided to investigate the process whereby scientific work is selected, published, disseminated, and accessed.1- 5 This progress has been measured both in increases in the number of abstracts submitted to the Peer Review Congresses and MEDLINE citations.6
Rennie D, Flanagin A, Godlee F, Smith J. Sixth International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication, September 2009Call for Research. JAMA. 2007;298(20):2420-2421. doi:10.1001/jama.298.20.2420