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News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
February 3, 2015

Low Rate of HIV Viral Suppression

JAMA. 2015;313(5):456. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.17957

Of the estimated 1.2 million people living with HIV in the United States in 2011, only 30% had achieved viral suppression—a key to preventing HIV transmission and living longer with the infection.

Using data from the National HIV Surveillance System and the Medical Monitoring Project, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that, among the 70% of people with HIV whose viral loads were not suppressed, 20% had never been diagnosed with HIV, 66% were diagnosed but had not received HIV medical care, 4% received HIV medical care but not antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 10% took ART but had not achieved viral suppression. Patients 65 years or older had the highest prevalence of viral suppression (37%) while those aged 18 to 24 years had the lowest (13%) (Bradley H et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63[47]:1113-1117).

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