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Hypertension and type 2 diabetes are inextricably linked.1 Indeed, the epidemiological and pathophysiological link between hypertension and diabetes dates back to 1929, when an increased likelihood of high blood pressure (BP) in people with diabetes was first recognized.2 Subsequent studies have demonstrated that high BP is at least twice as common in individuals with type 2 diabetes, when compared to age-matched individuals without diabetes. Moreover, hypertension greatly increases the risk of developing macrovascular (myocardial infarction, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and congestive heart failure) and microvascular (retinopathy and nephropathy) complications of diabetes and risk of premature death.3
Williams B. Treating Hypertension in Patients With DiabetesWhen to Start and How Low to Go?. JAMA. 2015;313(6):573-574. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.89