Although drunkenness is generally considered a misdemeanor, its association with criminality and criminal procedure has given the public the impression that the drunkard, if not a criminal in a legal sense, is so closely allied to these delinquents that the measures applicable for the control of the criminal can be consistently used in the management of the inebriate. The impracticability of such methods is recognized by those familiar with the varied types of inebriety.
Credit must be given to the judiciary and particularly to the various probation commissions for the heroic efforts which they have made to formulate some satisfactory method for dealing with the drunkard. They have recognized that the drunkard has an individuality, but owing to the diversities of the types and lack of facilities for studying these cases they frankly acknowledge their helplessness and are ready and willing to cooperate with the medical profession in any reasonable
NEFF IH. THE STATE CARE OF THE INEBRIATE. JAMA. 1910;55(5):395–400. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.04330050033013