This study was originally undertaken at the suggestion of the American Association for the Study and Prevention of Infant Mortality, to obtain, if possible, further knowledge of some of the most important factors in the causation of stillbirths, and point the way to more efficient means of prevention.
The use of the term "stillbirth" has given rise to considerable confusion and misunderstanding, and as yet, there seems to be no universally accepted definition of the word. The definitions differ as to the stage of gestation at which birth takes place, and are variously set at four months, six months, seven months, viability, etc. They also differ as to what manifestations at birth are to be regarded as signs of life. Ballantyne1 would limit the term "stillbirth" to the complete expulsion from the maternal birth canals of a child which, while exhibiting one or more of the signs of antenatal
BARTHOLOMEW RA. SYPHILIS AS A CAUSE OF STILLBIRTHSANALYSIS OF FORTY-EIGHT STILLBIRTHS OCCURRING IN FIFTEEN HUNDRED OBSTETRIC CASES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN MATERNITY HOSPITAL. JAMA. 1918;70(5):289-292. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600050011005