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In this interesting study of a great social and economic problem, the author describes the conditions that led the British government to regulate the use and sale of alcoholic liquors in Great Britain—a measure dictated by military necessity. The development of complete national control is traced from the early days of the war when work in the shipyards, in the munitions factories and in the transport areas was greatly hampered by drinking among the battleship workmen, crews, dock laborers and porters. The control began in a limited area of Great Britain, but as it was soon found that liquor was easily obtained from a zone outside this area, the regulation was extended by 1917 to every part of the island. The hours during which drink might be sold were curtailed by more than one-half the usual day in Scotland and by about two-thirds the usual day in England and Wales.
The Control of the Drink Trade. A Contribution to National Efficiency, 1915-1917.. JAMA. 1918;71(13):1085–1086. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600390069030