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October 19, 1918

MALARIA ENDEMICITY OF THE RICE DISTRICTS OF LOUISIANA AND ARKANSASWITH SOME OBSERVATIONS ON TYPES OF MOSQUITOES BREEDING THEREIN

Author Affiliations

Assistant Epidemiologist, Biologist and Microscopist, Respectively, United States Public Health Service. LONOKE, ARK.

JAMA. 1918;71(16):1283-1285. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600420025007
Abstract

The selection of a site for the establishment of an aviation field amid the rice fields of Arkansas offered an unusual opportunity for the study of control methods for malaria and types of mosquitoes found

breeding in this environment. We realized that the control methods must of necessity be of a varied character, but agreed that the control of the human carrier along with the mechanical protection of good screening were most important within the limits of mosquito flight. Therefore the initial step was a sanitary survey to correlate all methods in the 3 mile zone designated as the extracantonment zone, Eberts Field, Lonoke, Ark. This included the town of Lonoke, and work was begun in January, 1918. In addition, absolute control of the breeding of mosquitoes outside of the rice fields was to be sought. The area within which mosquito control measures were taken comprised approximately 12 square miles,

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