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From the present outlook it would appear that in the demobilization of the Army, officers can, if qualified, join the Regular Corps or the Medical Reserve Corps, or they may be honorably discharged. The medical officers of the Army and Navy constitute a splendid body of some 35,000 physicians, well trained and well equipped. It would be a mistake — in fact, almost a crime — to permit these men to be completely detached from the Army and Navy and to be absorbed in civilian life. Hence it is to be hoped that the third group—those requesting honorable discharge —will be comparatively small.
As is well known, the old Medical Reserve Corps was not really an active organization. It consisted of some 1,450 physicians affiliated with the Medical Department of the Army, but practically in name only. The National Defense Act of 1916, in creating the Officers' Reserve Corps, provided
MEDICAL DEMOBILIZATION. JAMA. 1918;71(21):1743–1744. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600470041014