The past forty years have seen a complete modification of the methods of hygiene in public health under the influence of the progress of bacteriology. It is surely not paradoxical to say that the present war, with its great agglomerations of men, could not have been possible without the aid of a prophylaxis against infectious diseases.
The expedition to the Orient furnishes us with the most striking demonstration. I was appointed in 1915 as chief of the Service of Bacteriology and Epidemiology for the armies, with a well-equipped bacteriologic laboratory. All our army laboratories are indeed standardized with the help of the Institut Pasteur.
I shall not speak of the serotherapy against diphtheria, which has been employed not only curatively but also prophylactically in the control of epidemics. Nor shall I more than mention the serotherapy of tetanus, which has been systematically practiced among all the wounded since the first
ARMAND-DELILLE PF. RÔLE OF PASTEURIAN METHODS IN PROPHYLAXIS OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN THE ARMIESESPECIALLY IN THE ARMY OF THE ORIENT AT THE DARDANELLES AND IN MACEDONIA. JAMA. 1918;71(22):1809–1811. doi:10.1001/jama.1918.02600480025007