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In recent years, bone grafting has become established in surgical practice as firmly as the more simple operation of skin grafting, and, as in the latter, it has been found that the autogenous graft is the best. Practically all failures can definitely be attributed to technical errors, such as too small a graft, infection, inadequate fixed bony approximation of the graft to fragments, and poor postoperative fixation of the part. I have found beef-bone screws to be a great aid in attaining this fixed approximation of the graft to the bone, and I believe that they would be employed more if their uses and methods of preparation were more generally known. I am well aware of the fact that a few surgeons have used them, but I present this article on their preparation and use believing that it may be of interest to others.
There can be no doubt that,
HENDERSON MS. THE USE OF BEEF-BONE SCREWS IN FRACTURES AND BONE TRANSPLANTATION. JAMA. 1920;74(11):715-717. doi:10.1001/jama.1920.02620110005002