Postoperative respiratory failure is a common indication for invasive mechanical ventilation, accounting for more than 20% of all patients receiving ongoing ventilatory support.1 Therefore, strategies aimed at liberating patients from ventilation more quickly following surgery or preventing postextubation respiratory failure in this setting have the potential to have major clinical importance.
Del Sorbo L, Ferguson ND. High-Flow Nasal Cannulae or Noninvasive Ventilation for Management of Postoperative Respiratory Failure. JAMA. 2015;313(23):2325-2326. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5304