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Sir George Newman, chief medical officer to the ministry of health, has presented an encouraging report on public health in 1921 in England and Wales. The birth rate was 22.4 per thousand, a decline of 3.1 on that for 1920. The death rate was 12.1 as against 12.4 in the previous year, and the lowest on record. Infant mortality declined to 83 per thousand births, and for the quinquennial 1917-1921 was 88. Longevity has been increased. The principal factor in this is reduction in the mortality of early life. Of 100,000 male children reaching the age of 5 years, 2,132 would die within the 5 years following, according to the mortality of 1891-1900, and only 1,678 according to that of 1910-1912. At 15, the corresponding figures are 1,864 and 1,392; and at 25, 2,947 and 2,116. According to the English life tables, the average lifetime of a population
LONDON. JAMA. 1922;79(10):835-836. doi:10.1001/jama.1922.02640100055022