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Of 1,000 deaths, 156 were of children under 1 year. In certain towns of Hungary, particularly in the low land, the proportion was much larger, reaching almost 50 per cent. Of 1,000 deaths of children under 1 year, 385 were attributed to gastro-enteritis, 147 to pulmonary affections, 171 to congenital debility, 23 to phthisis, 54 to contagious diseases, and the rest to other causes. According to the opinion of the supreme sanitary board, it would be easy to avoid a considerable number of those affections, and consequently to diminish in a large proportion the mortality of infants, if sanitary measures were enforced by the authorities, and if alimentary conditions could be improved. The board thought that it was to be regretted that hereditary syphilis did not appear in the statistics furnished as a cause of infant mortality. Without doubt, it remarked, syphilis, especially the syphilis of the father,
BUDAPEST. JAMA. 1924;83(13):1016-1017. doi:10.1001/jama.1924.02660130056027